Deionized Water, Retinol (vitamin A propionate), Aloe Vera, Glycerth-26, Octyl Dimethyl,Polysorbate-80, Propylene Glycol, Sodium Lactate, Sodium PCA, Niacinimide,Sodium Benzoate, Inositrol, Lactic Acid, Quaternium-15
A biologically active form of Vitamin A that can be converted to retinoic acid when applied to the skin. Retinol’s benefits stems from its vital role in the ability to produce new cell tissue, maintenance, and optimum cellular function.
Lactic Acid (5%)
An alpha hydroxy acid derived from sour milk. Lactic Acid has been used for centuries to relieve dry, aged skin. Lactic Acid has better water intake than glycerin and studies have reported that it has the ability to increase the "water holding" capacity in the corneum layer as well as improve the elasticity of the skin. Clinical studies report that Lactic Acid concentrations of between 5% and 12% offer an improvement in softening the skin and refining wrinkles. It is also less irritating on sensitive or dry skin than some of the other AHA ingredients.
Niacinamide is one of the two principal forms of vitamin B3 (nicotinic acid is the other). Niacinamide serves as a precursor of NADH and NADPH, which are co‐enzymes (facilitators of enzymatic reactions) essential for numerous metabolic pathways. In a randomized controlled study, 4% niacinamide gel has been compared to 1% clindamycin gel (atopical antibiotic) in 76 patients with moderate acne. After 8 weeks, 82% of patients treated with niacinamide and 68% of those treated with clindamycin were considered improved. The researches suggested that anti‐inflammatory activity of niacinamide may have contributed to its effect on acne. Studies also show improvement in reducing fine lines and wrinkling.
Improves the circulation and regenerates the cells. Its effects are soothing, astringent, and protecting. Aloe is also excellent for sensitive skins, rosacea conditions, and dry skin. Aloe vera gel is used to treat first‐degree burns for speedy healing. European folk medicine makes extensive use of aloe vera juice to reduce ulcers and heartburn. Aloe vera is also used in dental problems such as bleeding gums and denture stomatitis. Gelfrom the Aloe vera leaf has shown good results in treating facial edema.
This ingredient occurs naturally in the dermis layer. Its water absorbing abilities help the epidermis achieves much needed suppleness and moisture. Known for its wonderful water binding ability, this acid holds watertightly, and when applied to the skin, forms a film similar to the way it holds water in the intercellular matrix of the dermal connective tissue. It is also useful as a carrier for other extracts and active ingredients.